examination for the discovery of the early stages of scoliosis - see
also "Scoliosis in English" - click on the link on the left.
the discovery of the early stages of
1/ Test of adduction
of both hips (in extension position of joints). Limited adduction of
the right hip - "three models of 'hip movements' - deciding about the "types of
scoliosis - I epg, II/A epg, II/B epg, III epg.
2/ Often plus flexion
contracture of hips/right hip (Elly-Dunkan test, or Staheli test or
Thom test), often plus external rotation contracture of the right
3/ Shape of the
spine (of the whole body) in flexion, round shape -
good, stiff and straight "line of spine" - the beginning of scoliosis.
4/ "Bending test for
scoliosis" - Adams/Meyer Test.
5/ "Side bending test
for scoliosis" - Karski/Lublin Test => it is modified
about "Karski/Lublin Test" in "Letters from abroad" >
letter from Bratislava/Slovak Republic/Prof. L. Rehak & Dr Peter Tisovsky:
"...this side bending test for scoliosis is better - we see increasing
of the sensitivity and specificity of the tests...". We use
this test in Slovakia since 2000 - Prof. Milan Kokavec a
kol. "Vybrane kapitoly z detskej ortopedie" (Book
in Slovak language) ", Bratislava, 2003.
6/ Rotation movements
of the body - comparison of internal rotation / versus external rotation
- of hips in "standing position" of child with feet close
together (new test - 2006).
7/ "Standing at
ease" - on the right leg [scoliosis] or on the left leg [safe for
8/ Symmetry or
asymmetry of the waist - clinical picture different in I epg "S"
double scoliosis - with stiffness of spine and with
gibbous costalis [other name of "S" deformity in I epg: "lordoscoliosis"], different in II/A "C" one curve
scoliosis and in II/B "S" double scoliosis (thoracic secondary). In this last
group (II/B "S") the spine deformity is without stiffness of
spine and without gibbous costalis or minimal [other name of "S"
deformity in II/B epg: "ky(i)phoscoliosis"]
anomalies of the spine (spina biffida occulta, pectus
infundibuliforme). If present - not safe for proper development of
build type - asthenic and picnic (bad), athletic (good).
Willingness/intention to participate in sports, yes / take part
in sport - good, no take part in sport - bad.